The world will be strange, okay, but the stories of José Ovejero (Madrid, 1958), even more. The volume thus titled, Strange world (Pages of Foam), collects 19 stories in which the tragic or absurd provoke the permanent …
This article belongs to the fictional series Especies Urbanas, authored by John William Wilkinson and published on Sundays on the La Vanguardia website. Due to the blatantly partisan nature of politics throughout Spain, the only unavoidable requirement of their lordships to occupy a seat is […]
If there is an actor of meticulous and selective method to unsuspected limits, capable of getting into the skin of his characters until he even gets sick for them, that is Daniel Day-Lewis . With nearly forty years of career behind him, this London 60-year-old who holds the record of being the only winner of three Oscars in the category of best actor, has said goodbye to the big screen after shooting invisible thread by Paul Thomas Anderson, opening this Friday
With a reputation for reserved and little lover of nightlife, his relationship with the entertainment industry comes from family, as his maternal grandfather, Sir Michael Bacon, was a renowned film producer. His father, Cecil Day-Lewis, was a poet of Queen Elizabeth II and his mother Jill Balcon was a renowned theater actress. With this background running through his veins, Daniel trained in the best drama schools and broke into the big screen as a teenager with a fleeting role in the film Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971). His first credited appearance was in Gandhi (1982), by Richard Attenborough, in which he played a young man who insults the prophet of peace. Since then he has done all kinds of roles, showing himself especially in dramas.
Despite not being the first time he announces his farewell to the world of acting, last June he glimpsed in an interview that on this occasion was serious. "Before making the movie, I did not know I was going to stop acting. I know Paul and I laughed a lot before making the movie. And then we stopped laughing, because we were both overwhelmed by a feeling of sadness. That surprised us: we did not realize what we had given birth to. It was hard to live with it. It still is, "he told W Magazine .
On the occasion of the arrival of The invisible thread to the halls, we take the opportunity to review the most memorable performances of this unique actor.
My beautiful laundry (1985)
Under the direction of Stephen Frears, the actor became a young right-winger who maintained a homosexual relationship with Omar, a former schoolmate of Pakistani origin. Set in Thatcher's time, the love these professing young men who ran a laundry scandalized their respective families.
A room with a view (1985)
In this period love story directed by James Ivory had an secondary role as Cecil Vyse, a rich and extremely educated man who offered marriage to the character of Helena Bonham Carter. Based on the E.M. novel Foster, the film received excellent reviews and numerous awards.
The unbearable lightness of being (1987)
Philip Kaufman adapted to the big screen the famous Milan Kundera novel in which Day-Lewis played Tomas, a surgeon womanizer of Prague who loves to discover in each woman what makes her different in privacy. With a great philosophical load and high doses of eroticism, Day-Lewis formed a loving trio with Juliette Binoche and Lena Olin that made sparks fly.
Under Jim Sheridan, he offered an interpretative recital in this emotional story of overcoming the Irish painter and writer Christy Brown (1932-1981), afflicted with cerebral palsy, who could only control his left foot. Day-Lewis, who spent months in a wheelchair to prepare his character, took all the important prizes, including his first Oscar for the best actor, and began to write with gold his name in the movie mecca.
The Last Mohican (1992)
Michael Mann gave him the role of Hawkeye (Hawkeye Eye), a white man adopted by the Mohican Indians who saved the daughters of a British officer and escorted them to a strong Englishman Besieged by French and ferrets. This romantic adventure film set in North America in the mid-eighteenth century, it was paired with Madeleine Stowe and over time has become one of the references of the genre, thanks especially to the beautiful soundtrack prepared by Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman
The Age of Innocence (1993)
Martin Scorsese signed him to play Newland Archer, an heir trapped in the dichotomy of loving the sweet woman who represents Winona Ryder's May Welland or who He has stolen his heart (the unattainable Ellen Olenska from Michelle Pfeiffer) in this brilliant film based on the novel by Edith Wharton about the New York upper class of the late nineteenth century. The actor managed at all times to transmit the torment that invaded his character. For his work he was nominated for Bafta and was named British actor of the year by the Circle of Critics of London.
In the name of the father (1993)
In this prison drama based on real events he returned to coincide with the director Jim Sheridan to give life to Gerry Conlon, a young man who is accused of participating in a terrorist attack and sentenced to life imprisonment by mistake with "the four of Guildford." With the help of an attorney dedicated to the cause (Emma Thompson), Gerry sets out to prove his innocence, clear his father's name and make public the truth about one of the most regrettable legal errors in the recent history of Ireland. The film offered a beautiful paternal-filial relationship between the characters of Day-Lewis, who opted for his second Oscar, and Postlethwaite.
Again with Sheridan behind the camera and with the IRA as a starting point, he embodied a man who left prison after 14 years behind bars and tried to start a new life by opening a boxing place to train young promises. However, his past as an activist of the terrorist band did not make it easy for him. Emily Watson was his old girlfriend and they both fell in love again.
Scorsese trusted him again to play Bill 'the Butcher', the bloodthirsty leader of a band that defended New York from the arrival of the immigrants Leonardo DiCaprio was in charge of interpreting the Irishman Amsterdam Vallon, a young man who fought for his freedom and in passing wanted to kill Bill for killing his father. Day-Lewis drew a wicked character with big mustaches and top hat capable of killing without mercy for the pleasure of having power. He won his third Oscar nomination.
Wells of Ambition (2007)
His second Oscar was achieved in the role of another man of a dramatic and ambitious nature in the magnificent work of Paul Thomas Anderson that adapted the novel by Sinclair Upton Oil (1927). Daniel Plainview is a sullen and miserly oil man who, as he gains fortune, loses in values and principles. A story set in Texas at the beginning of the 20th century about family, greed and religion.
In the skin of Abraham Lincoln by Steven Spielberg he obtained his third golden statuette. The film is not far from the most outstanding of the director of The Pentagon files but Day-Lewis once again demonstrated that there is no character that can resist him.
His farewell to cinema is marked by the filming of this film that revolves around a famous London couturier of the 50s who sees how his planned and meticulous life changes overnight when he falls in love with a young woman who becomes a muse and a lover The work of Paul Thomas Anderson is inspired by Balenciaga and to thoroughly prepare his role, Day-Lewis received dressmaking classes until he was able to recreate with his own hands a dress of the famous Spanish couturier.
The greatest deeds and the most unusual records have always been quoted in the publishing market and in the favor of the readers. This week's non-fiction lists reflect this, where on one side we see the 'Guinness World Records 2018' well located and, on the […]
When talking about a movie starring three women and directed by a fourth, the issue of rebellion against the sexual abuse in the world of cinema ] was unavoidable. Especially after a hundred French artists and intellectuals have spoken out against the "Puritanism" that the […]
Five hundred years ago, a friar named Martin Luther published his Questioning the power and efficacy of indulgences, which is considered the beginning of the great religious and cultural reform -the Reformation , by antonomasia- that gave origin to a new way of to understand the world . Now, the Hay Festival -a meeting of writers and thinkers that is taking place throughout the year in several cities, from the Colombian Cartagena de Indias to Segovia, through the Mexican Querétaro, the Danish Aarhus or Hay -on-Wye, the Welsh town where it all began-has decided to commemorate the Lutheran feat by summoning thirty intellectuals from various disciplines to ask them what great reforms the world needs today. In the field of religion as then, but also in aspects such as the environment the indigenous cultures economic organization , the development of the cities or even the gene . What follows is a synthesis of proposals launched to the debate in the days held in November in the Peruvian cities of Arequipa and Cuzco.
More power to the cities
Deyan Sudjic (London, 1952) has just publish The language of the cities (Ariel). Expert in design and urban development, advocates two things: more political power for cities and radically apply new technologies to urban structures. "A city is like a work of art never finished," he explains, "it changes constantly but it should have only one objective: to offer well-being to its inhabitants. It is only worth keeping those that do, and should not be directed only by politicians. We are forced to rethink the cities, as China has done, using technology to transform them: there are cities with all their electric public transport and water their crops with desalinated water from the sea. They are the cities of the future. " And why grant more political power to the big cities? Because, according to Sudjic, they are depositaries "of tolerance and freedom. They offer the possibility of anonymity. In them, difference and tolerance flourish. Being from an ethnic, religious or sexual minority in a small rural community is impossible. A city allows you the freedom to self-discover. " London "existed before England," the thinker recalls. A populist nationalism, opposed by the cities, now emerges in Europe. London wanted to stay in Europe, but the rest of the country has punished him. Is it fair that London leaves the EU against its will? "
The time of cryptocurrencies
Despite the controversy surrounding the current bitcoin bubble, the Argentine writer Luisa Valenzuela (Buenos Aires, 1938) sees in the cryptocurrency a hope for the future. "I suggest reforming the God of our world, Money," he says. In his thesis number 27, Luther already refers to the tinkling of coins and warns, in number 28, against profit and greed. I am afraid that greed and compulsive waste is leading to a global disaster. Money, which is a means to achieve certain ends, has become an end in itself. " Since, in 1971, the gold standard ceased to exist "there is no longer any reference to give it substance and it has become a total abstraction". Thus, "capital, in its speculative form, lives from the purchase and sale of paper, not from consumption or production, the positive things that previously stimulated money. Money was created as an exchange value, it was not made to generate more money, we have perverted it. "
What proposals does Valenzuela launch? He asks to look at France, where "so-called complementary local currencies circulate, with which members of the same structure exchange goods and services", as in Toulouse. Globally, it proposes to analyze in depth the cryptocurrencies -although not the bitcoin, object of a brutal speculation- for its positive values: "They are universal and digital, they do not depend on the control of regulators. They represent the only possible way out "and cites the Argentine Wealth Observatory, which has launched the PAR, a social virtual currency, under whose umbrella a mechanism of" voluntary and transparent exchange of goods and services has been born. The work is encouraged, offering it in exchange for a currency that is accepted by several businesses. " This currency "is created at the time of the transaction", only serves the real economy, is not useful for hoarding. "The cryptocurrencies that interest me are impossible to falsify and neither can they be hidden, there is no black crypto-money". "Governments are already thinking of setting up their own national cryptocurrency, as Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz asks, and that would be dangerous because in the end the big banks would direct them." "It is not a utopia to think of a world with cryptocurrencies," he concludes. "It is a practical solution. I am not talking about suppressing the other money, at least at the beginning, it is essential that taxes continue to be paid. "
An optimistic paradigm
The British Gabrielle Walker, PhD in Natural Sciences from the University of Cambridge, states that climate change is already "transforming our planet irreversibly, with droughts, floods, forest fires and hurricanes of extreme violence, as we have clearly seen in this fateful 2017." However, "pessimism is a luxury that I can not afford," says the author of books such as Antarctica or climate cataclysm. It asks "to change the way we have to measure growth and success. Now we measure the success of countries for money, but we need other parameters such as happiness or well-being. "
Walker demands to break the dynamics of good and bad. "Today there are basically two narratives about it, and both are lies: one, that of Jonathan Franzen and others, says that the problem is capitalism, that everything is a disaster and nobody is doing anything and that we have to stop doing things that we like and be unhappy to save ourselves. The other erroneous view is that climate change does not exist, because it is a conspiracy or exaggeration of the leftists. Much time has been lost in the struggle between these two visions, equally false. We are all in the same boat and we all need to use our creativity and strength to get out of this. It is not a question of rich against poor, it is not from left to right, from women to men, we all live on this planet and if we lose this battle we will all die. " For her, "we are the generation that decides: we can turn this around and fix things … still". About the US exit of the Paris agreements on climate change, says that "Trump is isolated internationally, only Syria wants to get out too, and in his own country there are hundreds of mayors, governors and very large companies that are going to follow the Paris agreements." "It is said that political leaders are not doing anything, and that is not true," he concludes. You already know what is happening and are doing important things to change the situation. It is not fast enough, but you already know it. "
Common to the three monotheisms
Those responsible for launching their proposals to reformulate religion in the 21st century were the Dutch theologian Bruno van der Maat and Peruvian essayist and philosopher Pablo Quintanilla, doctor of Philosophy from the University of Virginia and master's degree from King's College London. For Van der Maat, "talking about religion today is like talking about the devil, has a bad reputation, with a Catholicism involved in scandals, Islamic terrorism and an aggressive Zionism. The question is: is it better to think about a new religion or better forget about it? " Quintanilla responded: "In the religious phenomenon, as old as man, something valuable beats. It can add depth to human life. Give meaning to life, as Wittgenstein said. It is looking at things with an attitude of reverence before everything that exists and with a feeling of solidarity towards other human beings. " The theme is that "religious discourse is thought for other times. Many things in Catholic discourse are absurd, and people believe that nonsense is religion. " Thus, both propose to understand the religion of the XXI century as "a space of critical openness, a conversation, a free and plural dialogue", and to put the emphasis on the common aspects of the three monotheisms: "That life has a meaning, that It is born valuable. And that religion is an instrument of social transformation because human pain overwhelms us and drives us to act ". "I see no reason," Quintanilla maintains, "to prioritize one religious form over another, ecumenism must be the basis for the Reformation, focus on the shared, stripping the religion of atavisms and superstitions." For example? "That idea that many people have that God speaks directly to them is harmful. If you talk to God, you are praying but if he answers you, you are psychotic. The well understood religion includes a dose of agnosticism, because only God knows its features and designs ". Another pathology would be "moral arrogance, which comes to the denial of the human, the body, pleasure and life. Suffering is not the end to which we should aspire, quite the opposite. " Likewise, "it took the Catholic Church twenty centuries to accept freedom of conscience, other religions still do not accept it and should do so."
Integrate indigenous knowledge in the university
The essayist Lee Maracle ( Vancouver, 1950) proposes a reform of university education to integrate the knowledge of indigenous peoples in the curricula. That is, in fact, her job as an advisor to several Canadian universities. "The Europeans arrived," he explains, "and they called us 'dirty savages,' but it was us who bathed every day." In the practical field, his proposal affects the educational method: "We want students to find their own truth, not obedience to the teacher. If the students repeat what they are told, the professors may have a PhD, but they will not be thinkers. It's not okay for doctors to go to class to give a lecture. I sit on the floor with the students around me, and I learn as much from them as they from me. " "At 4 years old -continued- they had to operate on me, we would not have known how to do it. Our people know, however, how to advise me better in the diet, I would not be poisoned with sugar mixed with water. Western culture prepares people to work, that's what they do best. Sugar moved the economy, you had to increase your consumption, the companies invested in plantations, they killed indigenous people and you poisoned them. " Integrating the two worlds, "we would get rid of diseases, obesity, heart diseases … There is also appropriation of indigenous knowledge, 90% of medicine is based on it. It must be taught where that knowledge comes from, as the University of Oxford does. "
What is the limit?
Spanish Miguel Pita, doctor in genetics and cell biology and author of The Dictator DNA (Ariel), calls for a global debate to establish what genetic interventions can be done and which can not. "We have the gene variant that, for example, makes us more promiscuous or more faithful, more aggressive or less. Now we can not, legally, take the gene of a human and graft it to another, but the tools are already there. Just two months ago, a gene was extracted, the damaged variant that would have produced an embryo sudden death, and put a healthy copy. After the birth was not completed, for legal reasons. It has been recently done with two other diseases. That will be able to do with the people who are about to be born, for a volume ratio, with individuals that are one or two cells, because we would need at least 20 billion repairs to touch the gene of each cell ". It asks, then, that politicians "pay attention to scientific advances, so that they do not go faster than legislation".
The International Book Fair (FIL) of Guadalajara, in Mexico – which closed the doors of its 31st. edition at the beginning of the month- is the world's largest showcase of literature written in Spanish. For her they circulate from Cervantes prizes like Elena Poniatowska or […]
The director of the Museu de Lleida Josep Giralt, has assured this Tuesday that the reports made by the technicians of the equipment and that were part of the appeal to the Court of Huesca to avoid the transfer already alerted of the fragility of […]
With the coming of the technological age, there was a prominent fear that people will get lost in the novelty, social media and will be discouraged form reading. Instead, the opposite has happened. Many people now read more than ever before, including blogs, news, books, etc. as well as listening to audio books. And that’s great. But there are numerous reasons why we should choose paper books instead of e-books.
Advantages of Paper Books Versus E-Books
Let me just say that I completely understand why people love e-books. I love them too. On a single device you can carry many different books, you can even buy new ones on the go. However, we spend so many hours every day staring at screens that we should use every moment when we can avoid it. Especially if you tend to read before going to bed.
Some people prefer paper books because of the way they smell. It feels personal. It’s like comparing human interaction with talking to a robot. Even if AI advances greatly, it will probably never beat talking to a human being.
Also, research suggests that you tend to remember what you read much better if you hold a physical book, instead of flip pages on your device. Maybe it’s because the way our brain works, maybe it’s because we have much less distractions, maybe both. I remember how I would get a book as a kid and spend endless hours at a time reading. I used to lose the track of time reading paper books just to notice it’s 3 AM on a school night.
On electronic device, it’s a very different experience. Not only because of all the app notifications, but even on the page itself I get so much additional information that truthfully, I do not need. For example, my current app shows me the percentage of the book I’ve read, time until next chapter, etc. Not to mention that electronic devices need to be charged. No electricity, no reading.
Lastly, I want to talk about a topic that might be a bit controversial – note taking. At school, we are taught that taking notes in the book is property damage. That’s wrong because we lose out on an essential skill that we will need at least in college. We need to know how to pick out essential information, notice great comparisons and word play. Virginia Woolf used to take notes in her books, which helped her analyze other writers and grow herself.
While you may argue that reading apps allow you take notes, I would not trust this method due to my own experiences. First of all, you may find a better e-book reader which would mean losing all your notes. Second, you cannot even trust backups and synchronization. Imagine that an error can destroy several years of notes you’ve made while reading. A single error.
Overall, reading e-books is better than nor reading at all, but paper books beat electronic devices in a landslide. I’m not saying there is no right time to read an e-book. But hopefully, in most cases you will prefer paper to electronics.