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The Medina Azahara de Córdoba, declared a world heritage by Unesco

The Medina Azahara de Córdoba, declared a world heritage by Unesco

The Committee of World Heritage of Unesco has resolved this Sunday, in the framework of its 42nd summit – which is celebrated until July 4 in Manama (Bahrain) -, to register Archaeological Ensemble of Medina Azahara ( Córdoba ) in the World Heritage List . After this recognition, Córdoba becomes the only city in the world with four heritage declarations .

As has been amply explained La Vanguardia the Caliphate city of Cordoba was built in the middle from the tenth century by an Umayyad western dynasty to be the seat of the Caliphate of Abd al-Rahman III and his private residence. The city grew in a short time, but later it was destroyed and the archaeological remains remained hidden for almost 1,000 years, until they were rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century.





From an artistic point of view, it is one of the monumental complexes more original within Hispano-Muslim architecture, because neither its structure nor ornamentation have been altered. The Bright City for Muslims consists of three terraces surrounded by a wall and would have worked on it about ten thousand people. A millennium later is still surrounded by legends and stories, the best known of which is that it was built for the love of a woman, who would have been called "Azahara".

The Medina Azahara was known by the Muslims of the tenth century as 'the bright city'
(Rafa Alcaide / EFE)

 Cordoba will now be the only city in the world with four sites declared heritage
Cordoba will now be the only city in the world with four declared heritage sites
(Rooms / EFE)


The 16th recognition of Andalusian heritage

With that of Medina Azahara, Andalusia will have 13 enclaves recognized as heritage of which nine are world heritage sites . It is the Mosque of Cordoba; the Alhambra and Generalife of Granada; the Cathedral, the Alcázar and Archivo de Indias de Sevilla; the Doñana National Park; the Albaicín de Granada -extension of the Alhambra-; the Historic Center of Córdoba -extension of the Mosque-; the Rock Art of the Mediterranean Arc of the Iberian Peninsula; the Monumental Renaissance Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza (Jaén); and the Dolmen Site of Antequera (Málaga).





To these are added three more than intangible cultural heritage which are flamenco, the revitalization of the traditional knowledge of the artisan lime in Morón de la Frontera and the Fiesta de los Patios de Córdoba. Only two properties in Spain have managed to enter the list of world heritage in the last six years and both are Andalusian: the Dolmen Site of Antequera (Malaga) and now the Califal City of Medina Azahara (Córdoba).

 View of the Caliphal city of Medina Azahara, located in the foothills of the Sierra de Córdoba
View of the Caliphate city of Medina Azahara, located in the foothills of the Sierra de Córdoba
(Rooms / EFE)


Extensive political follow-up

Until the capital of Bahrain have been moved as part of the Andalusian delegation, among other authorities, the Minister of Culture, Miguel Ángel Vázquez; the mayor of Córdoba, Isabel Ambrosio, and the president of the Provincial Council, Antonio Ruiz.

 The Minister of Culture of the Board, Miguel Ángel Vázquez (2i), the mayor of Córdoba, Isabel Ambrosio (2d), the president of the Diputación Cordoba, Antonio Ruiz (d) and the delegate of the Andalusian government in Cordoba, Esther Ruiz (i), before leaving for Bahrain
The Minister of Culture of the Board, Miguel Ángel Vázquez (2i), the mayor from Córdoba, Isabel Ambrosio (2d), the president of the Cordoba Provincial Council, Antonio Ruiz (d) and the Andalusian government delegate in Córdoba, Esther Ruiz (i), before leaving for Bahrain
(City of Córdoba / EFE)





 Family photo of the candidacy of Medina Azahara as a UNESCO heritage
Family photo of the candidacy of Medina Azahara as UNESCO heritage
(Rooms / EFE)

For its part, in the same Cordovan archaeological site have met on the morning of Sunday, to witness the retransmission of the decision of UNESCO, the Andalusian Councilors of Justice and Interior, Rosa Aguilar, and Health, Marina Álvarez, as well as the president of the Andalusian Parliament, Juan Pablo Durán, among other authorities.

 The Caliphate city of Medina Azahara de Córdoba has triggered the number of visitors in the months prior to the recognition of Unesco
The city caliphal de Medina Azahara de Córdoba has triggered the number of visitors in the months prior to the recognition of Unesco
(Rooms / EFE)